Dhealthwellness.com – Before having an Enlarged Prostate Biopsy, you should understand what to expect from the procedure. Your healthcare provider will ask you about your general health, medications, supplements, and allergies. They will also ask you questions about any medical conditions you have. The more information you provide, the more confident you’ll feel about the procedure. Also, you should keep a close eye on any side effects that might happen, such as urinary retention or fever. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your physician as soon as possible.
Diagnosing by Taking a Sample From the Prostate Gland
Your doctor will use a thin needle to remove a sample from your prostate gland. A pathologist will examine the tissue in the sample and then write a report about it. The pathologist will diagnose your condition based on the information contained in the sample. The report will also include questions and answers for you to better understand the medical language. There are several types of Enlarged Prostate Biopsy. Here’s how they work.
First, your healthcare provider will make a small incision in your perineum. A needle will be inserted through the incision and then drawn out from the prostate gland. An MRI or CT scan may be used to guide this procedure. Next, your healthcare provider will ask you to lie on your side or your stomach. Then, he will insert a flexible tube with a camera at the end. This camera will then collect samples of tissue from the prostate gland.
Your biopsy results will show whether the cells found in the sample are cancerous or normal. A pathologist will also grade the cancer using a Gleason score, a combination of two numbers. Gleason scores range from two (low) to ten (very aggressive). Most prostate biopsy reports will be in the six to 10-range. A Gleason score of 6 means the biopsy is benign and a test result of an enlarged prostate is negative.
Other Treatment Options with Radioactive Seed Implantation
Radioactive seed implantation is another treatment option. This procedure involves the implantation of tiny pellets of radioactive material into the prostate. These pellets give off radiation for a period of months. After a few months, they lose their radioactivity. High-energy seeds, on the other hand, are implanted in the prostate for less than a day and deliver a high dose of radiation directly to the tumor.
As with any medical procedure, an Enlarged Prostate Biopsy has risks. Your physician should carefully assess your situation and explain the benefits and risks of the procedure to you. Your doctor will also discuss your other risk factors and the benefits of early detection with you before recommending a biopsy. If your PSA level is low enough, you may not need a biopsy. The risk of dying from prostate cancer will be small and your health is generally fine.
During your regular checkup, your doctor will examine your PSA levels and determine if your enlarged prostate is cancerous. A biopsied prostate will reveal whether or not the growth of cancer cells is present. Depending on the results, further testing may be necessary to rule out prostate cancer. You may be experiencing BPH symptoms. You may also experience backflow of urine or urinary symptoms. These symptoms may be signs of prostate cancer.
The Benefits of Radiofrequency Therapy Outweigh the Risks
If your doctor finds enlarged prostate tissue, the next step is treatment. Several treatments are available, including transurethral microwave thermotherapy. The procedure uses microwaves to heat selected areas of the prostate. It may take several treatments to determine the exact cause of your prostate’s enlargement. You may want to consider the risk of radiation exposure to the urinary tract. However, the benefits of radiofrequency therapy outweigh the risks.
Laser surgery is another treatment option for enlarged prostates. Laser surgery involves passing a fiber-guided laser through the urethra to the prostate. The laser destroys the enlarged tissue and improves urine flow. This treatment option has lower risks of bleeding than TURP or TUIP and can be effective for very enlarged prostates. The only disadvantage is the possibility of bleeding during this procedure. If your enlarged prostate is significantly enlarged, laser surgery will not be a viable option for you.
Roehrborn, Claus G., et al. “Effect of dutasteride on prostate biopsy rates and the diagnosis of prostate cancer in men with lower urinary tract symptoms and enlarged prostates in the Combination of Avodart and Tamsulosin trial.” European urology 59.2 (2011): 244-249.