Dhealthwellnes.com – Despite the many misconceptions and misinformation surrounding seizure causes, it is important to know that it is often not just the brain itself that is affected. There are other underlying conditions that can cause seizures in addition to resulting in other health issues and disabilities. Today’s advanced brain scanning equipment is able to determine the cause of a seizure. This makes it important for people to know what to do if they have an unusual seizure.
Difference Between Seizures and Undiagnosed Medical Conditions
First, it’s important to know the difference between a seizure and an undiagnosed medical condition. Seizures are a medical emergency if they last more than 5 minutes or occur repeatedly without any recovery time. If you experience such an episode, seek immediate medical attention. Emergency medication may be the only solution. If your symptoms persist, talk with your healthcare provider to learn about treatment options and possible causes.
Another cause of seizures is traumatic brain injury. It is important to wear a helmet or seatbelt when participating in sports or working out. Children should be in child safety seats to protect their brains. Seizures may be caused by a number of other factors, but preventing or avoiding certain things can be effective. In most cases, medication is sufficient to control seizures. Sometimes, scar tissue in the brain can also trigger seizures. In rare cases, people suffering from seizures may suffer from meningitis or encephalitis.
Complex focal seizures occur when a person is not fully aware of their actions. Their actions can range from simple to complex, and they may leave them unable to perform even basic actions. The time duration of a tonic-clonic seizure can be anywhere from 30 seconds to a minute or more. Another type of seizure, called secondary generalized seizures, begins as a focal seizure but develops into a more widespread seizure as the electrical abnormality spreads throughout the brain. The person may be aware of the events during the episode, but they may lose consciousness and experience convulsions.
Very Effective Seizure Medication for Idiopathic Epilepsy
The type of seizure medication you take will depend on the cause of your seizures. Seizure medications for idiopathic epilepsy are very effective, and over a five-year period, about half of those people will have no seizures at all. If you have epilepsy, however, it’s a good idea to discuss your choices with your doctor. In the long run, they will help you understand your condition better.
Absence seizures affect the entire brain. In such a case, the person may stare for a few seconds, or they may be unresponsive to their surroundings. They may also jerk their legs or stop talking. Other symptoms of an absence seizure include flashing lights and unusual muscle movements. A partial seizure can last less than a minute. The symptoms of these seizures depend on the type of seizure, but it’s important to know what they are so that you can identify them as early as possible.
Besides determining the cause of the seizure, there are several other tests doctors can run. A blood test will reveal whether the person is suffering from an infection or if there is another medical issue that could be causing the seizure. A lumbar puncture is a blood test that will check for any signs of infection in the brain. If this is the case, a doctor may perform an MRI or other tests to rule out epilepsy.
Types of Seizures Can Affect Both Sides of the Brain
There are two types of seizures: generalized and focal. The former type affects both sides of the brain and results in generalised symptoms. Generalised seizures often involve a sudden loss of consciousness and muscle stiffness. People suffering from tonic-clonic seizures may collapse or clench their jaws, and sometimes lose control of their bladder. The latter type is often characterized by a brief loss of consciousness, which typically lasts less than three minutes.
The causes of seizures vary widely. People with epilepsy experience seizures more frequently than those without it. These are caused by brain tumors, strokes, and even Alzheimer’s disease. But even in people who don’t have epilepsy, they can experience seizures and may need medical treatment to stop them. And if they’re undiagnosed, you’re probably not suffering from seizures. In fact, your doctor will be able to tell you the exact cause.
There are no known causes of most types of seizures, and the most common types are myoclonic and generalized. Generalized seizures typically include loss of consciousness and muscle jerks on both sides of the brain. In children younger than three years old, these seizures typically begin as infantile spasms. Infantile spasms are often harmless, but they can have lasting effects. Therefore, if you suspect that your child is having a seizure, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.
Boettger, Thomas, et al. “Loss of K-Cl co-transporter KCC3 causes deafness, neurodegeneration and reduced seizure threshold.” The EMBO journal 22.20 (2003): 5422-5434.
Loiseau, Jérôme, Marie‐Christine Picot, and Pierre Loiseau. “Short‐term mortality after a first epileptic seizure: a population‐based study.” Epilepsia 40.10 (1999): 1388-1392.